Ruth Kinna pdf Anarchism Bolinda Beginner Guides
Anarchism: A Beginner’s Guide (Beginner’s Guides) Ruth Kinna pdf
Ruth Kinna pdf
This book falls into four chapters, each organized around a particular theme: (i)the ideology of anarchism; (ii) anarchist conceptions of the state; (iii) principlesof anarchist organization (ideas of anarchy); and (iv) strategies for change.The first chapter begins by introducing the terms ‘anarchism’, ‘anarchist’ and‘anarchy’ and then discusses the problems anarchists have encountered withpopular conceptions of anarchy. The main body of the chapter looks at threedifferent approaches to anarchism. The first seeks to understand the coreprinciples of anarchism by abstracting key ideas from the works of designatedanarchist thinkers. The second emphasizes the broadness of the ideology bycategorizing anarchists into a variety of schools or traditions. The third approachis historical and argues that anarchism developed in response to a peculiar set ofpolitical circumstances, active in the latter decades of nineteenth-century Europe.The aim of this chapter is to suggest that anarchism can be defined as anideology by the adherence of anarchists to a core belief namely, the rejection ofthe state.The second chapter considers some of the ways in which anarchists havetheorized the state and the grounds on which they have called for its abolition. Itlooks in particular at anarchist ideas of government, authority and power and ituses these ideas to show why anarchists believe the state to be both detrimentaland unnecessary. Anarchists sometimes suggest that they are wholly opposed togovernment, authority and power, but the chapter shows how these concepts areincorporated into anarchist theories to bolster anarchist defences of anarchy.Finally, the chapter reviews some anarchist theories of liberty, in an effort toshow why anarchists believe anarchy is superior to the state, and to illustrate thebroad difference between anarchist communitarians and libertarians.The third chapter looks at anarchist ideas of organization and some models ofanarchy. It looks first at the ways in which anarchists have understood therelationship between anarchy and statelessness, and the use they have made of
anthropology to formulate ideas of anarchy. The second part of the chapterconsiders anarchist responses to utopianism, identifies decentralized federalismas the principle of anarchist planning and outlines two ‘utopian’ views of thisprinciple. The final part of the chapter considers some experiments in anarchy,both historical and contemporary, highlighting the relationship that someanarchists posit between organization and revolutionary change.The final chapter examines strategies for change – both revolutionary andevolutionary – and different methods of protest, from symbolic to direct action.The chapter includes a discussion of anarchist responses to the anti-globalizationmovement and reviews one of the important arguments that anti-globalizationprotest has raised: the justification of violence.
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